What is diabetes? Its types, causes, symptoms, treatment

Diabetes care

Diabetes Do you want to know what is diabetes and how many types of diabetes are there? What are the symptoms of diabetes type 2 and what is the treatment of diabetes Diabetes is also called blood sugar or diabetes

If you have diabetes, you definitely need to discuss it with your doctor.

Insulin resistance, poor regulation of blood sugar, obesity and type II diabetes (NIDDM) (Type 2 diabetes) are increasing at an alarming rate. Statistics show that problems with carbohydrate metabolism, diabetes and their resulting health problems are still the most expensive expenses within the health care budget.

Sixteen million Americans have NIDDM and a third of them are not even aware of it! A further 30-40 million have problems with glucose tolerance, a precursor to full-blown diabetes. There are several popular dietary approaches that may be of benefit to diabetics. Way to know which problem fits best.

What is Diabetes?

The food we eat is converted into glucose or sugar for energy in our body. The pancreas makes a hormone called insulin to control glucose in the body's cells. But if you are suffering from diabetes then your body does not make enough insulin. Due to which the glucose present in your body increases, which builds up sugar in the blood. Which we call diabetes.

Types of Diabetes:

  • Type 1 – insulin dependent
  • Type 2 – non insulin dependent
  • Gestational Diabetes (GDM)

What is hyperglycemia and hypoglycemia?

Hyperglycemia means high blood sugar and hypoglycemia means low blood sugar.

Hyperglycemia (high blood sugar)

Hyperglycemia – symptoms of hyperglycemia only occur when blood sugar levels rise significantly and symptoms of high blood sugar develop and worsen, prolonged high blood sugar levels High blood sugar causes damage to organs and tissues delivers.

Signs and symptoms of Hyperglycemia may include

  • Increased thirst
  • frequent urination
  • Blurred vision
  • Headache
  • Tiredness
  • dry mouth
  • weakness
  • confusion
  • nausea and vomiting

When high blood sugar goes untreated, it can lead to a coma.

Hypoglycemia (low blood sugar)

When blood sugar levels are severely low, it's called hypoglycemia, when your blood glucose level is lower than normal, meaning a level of 70 milligrams per dL (mg/dL) or less. Your numbers may vary, so work with your health care provider to find out what levels are too low for you.

Symptoms of hypoglycemia may include: (Sign and symptoms of Hypoglycemia)

  • Tiredness
  • heart palpitation
  • paleness
  • irritability
  • to sweat
  • instability
  • Worry

How to control diabetes

Is diabetes curable? So our answer is yes to some extent. Know how the treatment of diabetes is possible and for this we have to follow the list given below.

  • lose weight
  • exercise
  • Lower your calories
  •  Eat the right foods
  • Take supplements
  • reduce your weight

First and foremost, if you're overweight, lose it. Diabetes can be treated O-B-S-I-T-Y! Please refer to this web site Weight Loss (see below) for weight loss tips.

Do exercise

Second, you must exercise. It looks like a lot of fun, doesn't it? Well, sorry, if you've had a lifetime of fun as a couch potato, now's the time to get serious and get as many years of quality life out of that body as you can. There is a difference between growing old and growing old in a state of misery. Is it time to return to quality-of-life activities?

You need to burn more calories than you eat and exercise is the way to go. The type of exercise is not as important as your enjoyment. You do something that you enjoy. It doesn't have to be aerobic. Just burn a few calories exercising 20-30 minutes a day. Even a walk is better than nothing.

If you have a cardiovascular risk or have any doubts about your fitness to exercise, see your doctor before beginning. Please see our exercise link below. (Diabetes In Hindi)

Reduce your calories

Third, reduce your caloric intake and eat a balanced diet. This means you should get about 40% of your calories from complex carbohydrates, 30% from protein and 30% from fat. Here's a quick reference chart of the calorie requirements of an average sedentary lifestyle person:

To calculate the number of calories you are consuming, you must first know the carbohydrate, fat and protein content of the food you are eating. When you eat out, it's simple, restaurants are required by law to chart to give you those figures. Otherwise, you'll have to get other nutrient content of food ingredients charts with charts from your library, dietitians or from the internet www.ntwrks.com/~mikev/chart1.html Here's how to calculate your calorie intake.
One gram of carbohydrate = 4 calories
One gram of protein = 4 calories
One gram of fat = 9 calories
One gram of alcohol = 9 calories (this is just FYI, avoid alcohol)

Therefore, to calculate your daily intake, simply consume the total amount of each nutrient and multiply by the appropriate calorie number and then total all three.
For example let's say today you ate:
225 grams carbohydrates x 4 = 900 calories 40 grams fat x 9 = 360 calories 55 grams protein x 4 = 220 calories
Total Calorie Intake = 1480 Calories

Eat the right foods

Fourth, eat the right foods. You should increase the amount of fiber in your diet. The recommended daily intake of fiber is 25 grams. The average American gets, perhaps, 12 grams. Fiber lowers your blood sugar and cholesterol as well as protects you from colon cancer and heart disease.

You should eat 5 servings of fruits and vegetables, preferably raw, a day. See the section on this web site on my favorite supplements. Increase your intake of omega-3 fats and oils, including fish oil, flax oil, canola oil and olive oil. Avoid partially hydrogenated and trans fat oils like the plague! These bad fats are mainly found in deep fried and packaged snack foods.

There are certain foods that increase insulin resistance and should be avoided. The first is milk. Historically, a component of the mythical food pyramid is the “dairy group” and is commonly recommended for diabetics. Recent studies, however, have revealed that milk increases insulin resistance.

Also, we don't recommend milk for anything under most circumstances. Other foods that are harmful include hydrogenated fats and sugar. It is now known that if you have food allergies, those allergenic foods will also increase insulin resistance. Avoid all this stuff, it's bad for your blood sugar levels!

Beet Benefits and Side Effects In Hindi. If you want to know the benefits of beetroot or the disadvantages of beetroot, then definitely read our article beetroot in Hindi.

Take supplements

Fifth, take supplements. Again, check out my favorite supplement. Other supplements that have been reported in the scientific literature to have a positive effect on the maintenance of blood sugar levels are vanadyl sulfate, chromium picolinate, magnesium, niacinamide (the best is inositol hexaneicotinate), and vitamin E. Herbs are known to be effective.

Gymnema, Fenugreek Seeds, and Siberian Ginseng. If you are or are at risk for diabetes, it would be a good idea to take your supplements under the guidance of a nutritionist.